Salisbury List of Sligo Creek Plants, 1971

Key to Codes in the Notes Column:

N Native to Sligo Watershed

NC Native to coastal plain of Sligo Watershed

A Alien, not native to Maryland; most are not even native to North America

NU Native to Maryland but highly unlikely to be found in Sligo Watershed

AU Not native to Maryland AND highly unlikely to be found in Sligo Watershed

MD Native to Maryland, but not native to Sligo Watershed; planted in Park, not naturalizing

MN Native to Maryland, but not native to Sligo Watershed; planted in Park and naturalizing

UN Not a recognized botanical name. Uncertain as to species.


Group Plant Family Scientific Name Common Name Notes Key to Codes
Horsetails & Scouring-Rushes Equisetaceae Equisetum arvense Field Horsetail N Rare. Grows anywhere.
Clubmoss Lycopodiaceae Lycopodium obscurum Ground Pine N Rare. Damp, open woods.
Succulent Ferns Ophioglossaceae Botrychium dissectium, var. obliquum Cut-leaf or Ternate Grapefern N Rare. Open woods.
B. virginianum Rattlesnake Fern N Rare. Moist woods.
Flowering Ferns Osmundaceae Osmunda regalis Royal Fern N Rare. Wet land.
Polypodium Family Polypodaceae Athyrium filix-femina Lady Fern N Occasional. Moist woods.
Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive Fern N Occasional. Moist, sunny slopes & bottomland.
Polypodium vulgare Common Polypody N Rare. On rocks.
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas Fern N Occasional. Moist woods.
Thelypteris novaboracensis New York Fern N Occasional. Woods.
T. hexagonoptera Broad Beech Fern N Occasional. Near stream.
T. phegopteris Long Beech Fern NU Rare. Shady banks.
T. simulata Massachusetts Fern NU Rare. Moist, shady woods.

FLOWERING PLANTS (Excluding Trees, Shrubs, and Vines)

Group Plant Family Scientific Name Common Name Notes Key to Codes
Arrowhead Alismataceae Alisma subcordatum Water-plantain N Rare. Shallow water or mud.
Sagittaria latifolia Broadleaf Arrowhead N Rare. Quiet shallow water.
Grass Gramineae Andropogon virginicus Broomsedge N Occasional. Moist areas.
Arundinaria tecta Switch Cane NU Rare, escape. Bottomland.
Bambusa sp. Bamboo AU One stand planted.
Mis-id – confused with Yellow Groove bamboo
Phyllostachys Aureosulcata Yellow Groove Bamboo A 15-25 ft tall, culms 1-2 inches diameter
Bromus scarlomus Swamp Chess, Swamp Cheat A Moist spots.
Dactylis glomerata Orchard Grass A Open areas.
Digitaria sanguinalis Crabgrass A In tufts in waste places.
Elymus canadensis Canada Wild Rye N
Hystrix patula Bottlebrush Grass N Rare. Moist woods.
Lolium perenne italicum Italian Ryegrass A Creek bank, waste places.
Muhlenburgia mexicanus Mexican Dropseed N
Phleum praetensis Timothy A Fields, moist areas.
Poa pratensis Kentucky Bluegrass A Roadside, open woods.
Setaria lutescens Yellow Foxtail A Creek edge in sun.
Sorghastrum nutans Indian Grass N
Sorghum halepense Johnson Grass A Roadsides.
Uniola latifolia Spangle Grass N Woods.
Sedge Cyperaceae Carex cyperus Sedge UN Frequent. Near creek.
Cladium jamaicens Sawgrass AU Rare. Probably an escapee.
Cyperus diandrus Sedge N Occasional. Moist areas.
Eriophorum virginicum var. album Cottongrass or Cotton Sedge NU Occasional. Moist areas.
Lipocarpha maculata Sedge NU
Scriptus acutus American Bulrush AU Rare. Shallow water.
S. lacustris Great Bulrush AU Rare. Stream edge.
S. polyphyllus Bulrush N Rare. Moist ground.
Calla, Arum Araceae Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit N Rare. Moist woods.
Symplocarpus foetidus Skunk Cabbage N Rare. Moist areas.
Dayflower Commelinaceae Commelina communis Spreading Dayflower A Infrequent. Moist, sunny areas.
C. erecta Erect Dayflower NU Rare.
Tradescantia virginiana Spiderwort N Rare. Sunny areas.
Rush Juncaceae Juncus tenuis Path Rush N Occasional.
Luzula obtusa Wood Rush N Frequent. Open woods.
Lily Liliaceae Allium stellatum Wild Onion AU Rare.
A. vineale Wild Garlic A Occasional. Open areas.
Erythronium americanum Trout Lily, Adder’s Tongue N Occasional. Patches in moist, shady woods near stream.
Hemerocallis fulva Orange Day-lily A Occasional. Along creek.
Medeola virginiana Indian Cucumber-root N Rare. Open woods.
Ornihtogalum umbellatus Star-of-Bethlehem A Rare. Escape.
Polygonatum biflorum Solomon’s Seal N Rare. Open woods.
Smilacina racemosa Solomon’s Plume, False Solmon’s Seal N Occasional patches. On slopes in open woods.
Amaryllis, Daffodil Amaryllidaceae Hypoxis hirsuta Stargrass N Rare. Moist spots in sun.
Narcissus poeticus Poet’s Narcissus A A few. Escape.
N. pseudo-narcissus Daffodil A A few. Escape.
Iris Iridaceae Iris Blue Garden Iris A Escape.
Crocus Crocus A Escape.
Sisyrinchium angustifolium Blue-eyed Grass N Rare. Near creek in sun.
Bloodwort Haemodoraceae Lachnantheae tinctoria Red-root NU Rare. Creek bank.
Nettle Urticaceae Boehmeria cylindrica False Nettle N Rare. Moist woods.
Pilea pumila Clearweed N Rare. Moist open woods.
Smartweed Polygonaceae Polygonum aviculare Prostrate Knotweed A Common. Road edges, waste places.
P. cespitosum Long-bristled Smartweed A Frequent. Sunny moist areas.
P. coccineum Swamp Smartweed N Occasional. Moist areas.
P. erectum Erect Knotweed N Occasional. Road edges.
P. hydropiper Water-pepper, Prince’s Feather N Occasional. Creek edge.
P. hydropiperoides Mild Water-pepper N Rare. Creek edge.
P. lapathifolium Pale Smartweed N Rare. Wet places.
P. pennsylvanicum Pennsylvania Smartweed N Occasional. Moist ditch, creek bank.
P. persicaria Lady-thumb, Redleg A Frequent. Sunny, moist areas.
P. sagittatum Arrow-leaved Tearthumb N Rare. Creek edge.
Rumex acetosa Garden Sorrell A Rare. Open sun.
R. acetosella Sheep, Common Sorrell A Rare. Open sun.
R. crispus Curled Dock A Rare. Fields.
R. obtusifolius Broad, Bitter Dock A Occasional. Fields.
Tovara virginiana Jumpseed, Virginia Knotweed N Frequent. Bottomland woods and wood openings.
Goosefoot Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium album Lamb’s-quarters A Occasional. Roadside.
C. paganum Pigweed A Occasional. Roadside, waste places.
Amaranth Amaranthaceae Amaranthus hybridus Tall Green Amaranth, Bumbleweed A Rare. Wasteland.
A. retroflexus Green Amaranth, Bumblebeeweed A Frequent. Roadsides, waste places.
Poke Phytolaccaceae Phytolacca americana Pokeweed N Frequent. Open areas.
Purslane Portulacaceae Claytonia virginica Spring Beauty N Common. Open bottomland woods.
Portulaca oleracea Purslane A Rare. Open sun in disturbed ground.
Plantain Plantaginaceae Plantago lanceolata English Plantain, Rib Grass A Frequent. Roadsides, waste places.
P. major Common Plantain A Frequent. Roadsides, waste places.
Pink Caryophyllaceae Cerastium vulgatum Mouse-ear chickweed A Occasional. Grass areas.
Dianthus armeria Deptford Pink A Rare. Sunny, moist spots.
Lychnis alba White Campion, Evening Lynchnis A Rare. Wood’s edge.
Saponaria officinalis Bouncing Bet A Rare, waste places.
Schleranthus annus Knawel A Rare.
Silene stellata Starry Campion N Rare. Open woods.
Stellaria graminea Stitchwort N Infrequent. Sunny, moist spots.
S. media Common Chickweed A Common. Waste places.
S. pubera Starwort, Start Chickweed N Frequent. Clumps on wooded slopes.
Buttercup, Crowfoot Ranunculaceae Anemone virginiana Virginia Anemone, Thimbleweed N Rare. Dry, open woods.
Anemonella thalictroides Rue Anemone N Rare. Moist woods.
Cimicifuga racemosa Black Cohosh, Fairy Candles N Occasional. Woods near creek.
Hepatica americana Hepatica, Liverwort N Rare. Dry woods.
Ranunculus abortivus Abortive or Kidney-leaf Buttercup N Frequent. Moist woods.
R. acris Common, Tall Buttercup A Rare. Open sun.
R. bulbosus Bulbous Buttercup A Frequent. Sunny creek bank.
Thalictrum polyganum Tall Meadowrue N Rare. Along creek bank.
Barberry Berberidaceae Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple, Mandrake, Umbrella Plant N Frequent. Patches in open woods.
Poppy Papaveraceae Sanguinaria canadensis Bloodroot N Occasional. Slopes in moist woods.
Bleeding Heart Fumariaceae Corydalis flavula Yellow Corydalis, Yellow Harlequin N Rare. Dry, open woods.
Dicentra cucullaris Dutchman’s Breeches N Rare. Woods.
Caper Capparidaceae Cleome sinosa Spiderflower A Rare. Escape.
Mustard, Cress Cruciferaae Allaria officinalis Garlic Mustard A Rare. Wood edge.
Arabis lyrata Lyre-leaved Rockcress N Rare.
Barbarea vulgaris Yellow Rocket, WinterCress A Frequent. Open woods.
Berteroa incana Hoary Alyssum A Rare. Dry, open areas.
Brassica rapa Field Mustard, Rape, Turnip A Rare. Open areas.
Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd’s Purse A Occasional. Roadsides.
Cardamine hirsuta Hairy BitterCress A Occasional. Open sun.
C. pennsylvanica Pennsylvania BitterCress N Rare. Along creek.
Dentaria laciniata Cut-leaf Crinkleroot, Toothwort N Frequent. Moist woods.
Lepidium virginicum Poor-man’s Peppergrass N Occasional. Roadsides.
Sisymbrium altissimum Tumble Mustard A Rare. Waste places.
Thlaspi arvense PennyCress A Occasional. Waste places.
Sedum Stonecrop Crassulaceae Sedum acre Mossy Stonecrop A Rare. Rocks.
S. telephium Live-forever, Orpine A Roadwide. Moist places.
S. ternatum Triplet Stonecrop N Rare. Damp rocks.
[Saxifrage Family] [Saxifragaceae] Heuchera ameriana Alumroot N Occasional. Dry wood openings.
Penthorum sedoides Ditch Stonecrop N Rare. Moist spots.
Saxifraga virginiensis Early Saxifrage N Rare. Rocks.
Rose Rosaceae Agrimonia parviflora Agrimony N Rare. Moist open spots.
A. pubescens Agrimony N Rare. Moist open spots.
Aruncus dioicus Goat’sBeard N Rare. Shaded streambank.
Duchesnea indica Indian Strawberry A Frequent. Open sun.
Fragaria virginiana Wild Strawberry N Occasional. Open sun.
Geum aleppicum Yellow Avens NU Rare. Moist open spots.
G. canadense White Avens N Rare. Open woods.
G. lacinatum Hairy White Avens N Rare. Open woods.
Potentilla canadensis Dwarf Cinquefoil N Occasional. Open woods.
P. recta Rough-fruited Cinquefoil A Rare. Moist meadows.
P. simplex Common Cinquefoil N Frequent. Open woods.
Bean, Pea Leguminosae Cassia fasciculata PartridgePea N Rare. Dry soil.
C. nictitans Sensitive Plant N Occasional. Dry soil, sun.
Clitoria mariana Butterfly Pea N Rare. Dry soil.
Desmodium canescens Hoary Tick-trefoil N Frequent. Open woods.
D. glutinosum Pointed-leaved or Whorled Tick-trefoil N Frequent. Open woods.
D. nudiflorum Naked Tick-trefoil N Frequent. Open woods.
D. paniculatum Panicled Tick-trefoil N Occasional. Open woods.
Lespedeza intermedia Wandlike Bush-clover N Occasional. Wood openings.
L. repens Creeping Bush-clover N Along path.
L. striata Japanese Bush-clover A Occasional. Sunny areas.
L. violacea Violet Bush-clover N Rare. Open woods.
Melilotus albus White Sweet-clover A Frequent. Open areas.
M. officinalis Yellow Sweet-clover A Infrequent. Open areas.
Strophostyles umbellata Pink Wild Bean N Rare. Sandy soil in sun.
Trifolium agrarium Hop-Clover A Rare. Open areas.
T. arvense Rabbit-foot Clover A Rare. Open fields.
T. dubium Least Hop-clover A Frequent. Dry
T. pratense Red Clover A Occasional. Roadside, open areas.
T. procumbens Smaller hop-clover A Rare. Dry, open areas.
T. repens White Clover A Frequent. Roadsides, open areas.
Oxalis, Wood-Sorrel Oxalidaceae Oxalis cornicula Creeping Wood Sorrel A Occasional. Open areas.
O. stricta Lady’s Sorrel, Yellow Wood-Sorrel N Frequent
Flax Linaceae Linum usitatissimum Blue Flax A Rare. Waste land.
Geranium Geraniaceae Geranium carolinianum Carolina Crane’s-bill N Rare. Dry, sandy soil
G. maculatum Wild Geranium N Rare. Shady, moist woods.
Spurge Euphorbiaceae Acalypha virginica Three-seeded Mercury N Occasional. Open areas.
Euphorbia corollata Flowering Spurge N Occasional. Open
Touch-Me-Not Balsaminaceae Impatiens capensis Spotted Jewel-weed, Lady’s Earrings N Frequent. Moist areas by creek.
Mallow Malvaceae Sida spinosa Prickly Mallow N Rare. Creek bank.
St. Johnswort Hypericaceae Hypericum mutilum Dwarf St. Johnswort N Rare. Open sun.
H. ellipticum Pale St. Johnswort NU Rare. Moist woods.
H. perforatum Common St. Johnswort A Rare. Open sun.
Violet Violaceae Viola cucullata Marsh Violet N Frequent. Moist areas by creek.
V. papilionacea Common Blue Violet N Frequent. Sunny, moist areas.
V. priceana Confederate Violet A Frequent. Sunny, moist areas.
V. kitaibelliana rafinesquii Field Pansy A Rare. Patches in moist areas in sun.
V. striata Cream Violet N Rare. Moist, shady areas.
Evening Primrose Onagraceae Circaea quadrisculcata Enchanter’s Nightshade N Frequent. Patches in moist, shady woods.
Epilobium angustifolium Fireweed NU Rare. Open sun.
Gaura biennis Biennial Gaura A Rare. Creek bank.
Ludwigia palternifolia Seedbox N Rare. Near creek in sun.
L. palustris Water Purslane N Rare. Shallow water.
Oenothera biennis Tall Evening Primrose N Rare. Stream bank.
O. laciniata Cut-leaved Evening Primrose N Rare. Open areas.
O. tetragona Sundrops N Rare. Open fields.
Ginsing Araliaceae Aralia racemosa Spikenard N Rare. Rich woods.
Parsley Umbelliferae Angelica apropurpura Angelica NU Rare. Creek bank.
Cicuta maculata Water Hemlock N Rare. Creek bank.
Cryptotaenia canadense Honewort N Frequent. Bottomland woods.
Daucus carota Queen Anne’s Lace, Wild Carrot A Frequent. Open fields.
Osmorhiza claytoni Sweet Cicely N Frequent. Bottomland woods.
O. longistylis Sweet Cicely (long-haired) N Occasional. Bottomland woods.
Sanicula marilandica Black Snakeroot NU Rare. Open woods.
Pyrola Pyrolaceae Chimpaphila maculata Mottled Pipsissiwa, Spotted Wintergreen N Rare. Dry woods.
Monotropa uniflora Indian-pipe, Corpse Flower N Rare. Woods.
Heath Ericaceae Epigaea repens Trailing Arbutus N Rare. Sunny rocks.
Primrose Primulaceae Lysimachia ciliatum (Steironema ciliatum) Fringed Loosestrife N Occasional.
L. lanceolatum Lance-leaved Loosestrife N Rare. Moist, sun.
L. quadrifolia Whorled Loosestrife N Occasional. Open sun.
Dogbane Apocynaceae Apocynum cannabinum White Dogbane, Indian Hemp N Rare.
Milkweed Asclepiadaceae Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed N Rare. Sunny, wet spots.
A. tuberose Butterfly-weed N Rare. Dry
Phlox Polemoniaceae Phlox divaricata Blue Phlox N Occasional. Open woods.
P. paniculata Fall Phlox N Rare. Moist, sunny areas.
For-Get-Me-Not Boraginaceae Mertensia virginica Virginia Bluebells N Rare. Moist streambottom.
Vervain Verbenaceae Verbena urticifolia White Vervain N Rare. Thicket, open woods.
Mint Labiatae Agastache scrophularifolia Purple Giant Hyssup NU Rare. Moist ground.
Collinsonia canadensis Horse-balm, Stoneroot N Frequent. Woods.
Glecoma hederaceae Gill-over-the-ground, Ground Ivy A Common.
Lamium amplexicaule Henbit A Rare. Roadsides, waste ground.
L. purpureum Purple or Red Deadnettle A Rare. Waste ground.
Mentha aquariea Water Mint A Rare. Wet places.
M. arvense Wild Mint N Rare. Open, sunny creekbank.
M. spicata Spearmint A Rare. Moist spots near creek.
Perilla fruitescens Perilla, Beefsteak-Plant A Occasional. Roadsides.
Prunella vulgaris Self-heal, Heal-all A Common. Moist spots.
Salvia lyrata Rosette Sage N Frequent. Open woods.
Satureja vulgaris Basil N Rare. Wood edges.
Scutellaria elliptica Hairy Skullcap N Rare. Dry woods.
Teucrium canadense Germander, Wood Sage N Occasional. Thickets.
Thymus serpyllum Thyme A Rare. Grass in open sun.
Potato Solanaceae Solanum carolinense Horse Nettle N Infrequent. Along creek.
S. dulcamara Nightshade, False Bittersweet A Rare. Moist thickets.
S. nigrum Black or Deadly Night Shade A Rare. Open creekbank.
Snapdragon Scrophulariaceae Gratiola aurea Golden Hedge-hyssop, Golden Pert N Rare. Wet spots.
Lindernia anagallidia False Pimpernel N Rare. Low in grass.
Mazus japonicus Mazus A Rare. Low in grass.
Penstamin hirsutus Hairy Beardtongue N Rare. Woods.
Verbascum blattaria Moth Mullein (yellow) A Rare. Roadsides, waste ground.
V. thapsus Common Mullein, Velvet Plant A Rare. Rocky slopes.
Veronica officinalis Speedwell N Frequent. Dry soil.
V. arvensis Corn Speedwell A Rare.
Broomrape Orobanchaceae Orobanche uniflora Pale Broomrape, Cancer-root N Rare. Open woods or thickets.
Madder, Bedstraw Rubiaceae Galium aparine Cleavers N Frequent. Thickets.
G. triflorum Bedstraw N Occasional. Moist woods.
G. verum Lady’s Bedstraw A Rare. Open areas.
Houstonia caerulea Bluets, Quaker Ladies N Frequent. Patches in open areas.
H. lanceolata Lance-leaved Houstonia N Infrequent. Open areas.
H. longifolia Long-leaved Bluets, Tuffy N Occasional. Dry soil.
H. purpurea Houstonia N Open woods.
Bellfower, Bluebell Campanulaceae Specularia perfoliata Venus’ Looking-glass, Mirrorweed N Rare. Open sun.
Lobelia Lobeliaceae Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower N Rare. Stream bank.
L. elongata Longleaf Lobelia NU Rare. Wet spots.
L. inflata Indian Tobacco N Occasional. Open woods.
L. siphilitica Great Lobelia (blue) N Rare. Wet spots.
L. spikata Spiked or Meadow Lobelia N Rare. Thicket, open woods.
Daisy, Sunflower, composite Compositae Achillea lanulosa Yarrow A Rare. Roadsides, open areas.
Ambrosia artemisifolia Common Ragweed N Occasional. Roadsides.
A. trifida Buffalo Weed, Great Ragweed N Rare. Sunny areas.
A. trifolia var. integrifolia Whole-leaved Buffalo Weed N Rare. Sunny areas.
Antenaria neglecta Field Pussytoes N Rare.
Artemisia vulgaris Wild Chrysanthemum, Mugwort A Frequent. Open areas.
Aster divaricatus Wild Wood Aster N Frequent. Open woods.
A. ericoides Heath Aster NU Frequent. Open fields.
A. lateriflorus Starved or Calico Aster N Occasional. Open areas.
A. novae-anglias New England Aster N Rare. Near creek.
A. pilosus Aster N Occasional. Dry fields and roadsides.
A. puniceus Red-stalked or Purple-stemmed Aster N Rare. Along stream bank.
A. sagittifolius Arrow-leaved Aster NU Rare. Dry, open woods.
A. undulatus Wavy-leaved Aster N Rare. Dry, open woods.
Bidens aristosa Bur-marigold, Tick-seed Sunflower N Rare. Moist, open areas.
B. bipinnai Spanish Needles N Rare. Roadside.
B. coronata Tickseed Sunflower N Occasional. Open sun.
B. frontosa Sticktights N Occasional. Waste places.
B. tripartita Trifid Beggar-ticks A Rare. Open woods.
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Ox-eye Daisy A Rare. Dry, open areas.
C. parthenium Feverfew A Rare. Open areas.
Chrysopsis mariana Maryland Goldenaster N Rare. Open sun.
Cichorium intybus Chicory, Succory A Rare. Roadsides.
Cirsium arvense Canada Thistle A Rare. Open sun.
C. discolor Field or Plumed Thistle N Rare. Open sun.
Elephantopus carolinianus Elephant’s foot N Frequent. Shady paths.
Erechtites hieracifolia Pilewort, Fireweed N Occasional. Clearings, thickets.
Erigeron annus Daisy Fleabane N Occasional. Open area.
E. canadensis Horseweed, Butterweed N Frequent. Roadsides.
E. pulchellus Robin’s Plantain N Rare. Open areas.
Eupatorium coelestinum Mist Flower N Occasional. Moist, sunny spots.
E. fistulosum Joe-Pye-weed N Rare. Moist thickets.
E. perfoliatum Boneset N Rare. Moist ground, thickets.
E. pilosum Hairy Thoroughwort N Rare. Moist ground.
E. rugosum White Snakeroot N Occasional. Open woods.
Galinsoga ciliata Galinsoga, Quickweed A Frequent. Anywhere.
Gnaphalium obtusifolium Sweet Everlasting, Catfoot N Occasional. Dry areas.
Helenium nudiflorum Purple-headed Sneezeweed N Rare. Stream banks.
Helianthus divaricatus Route Woodland Sunflower N Rare. Open woods.
Hieracium pratense King Devil, Yellow Hawkweed A Rare. Open sun.
H. venosum Rattlesnake-weed N Rare. Open woods.
Hypochoeris radicata Cat’s ear A Rare. Grassy places.
Krigia virginia Cynthia, Dwarf Dandelion N Rare. Dry areas.
Lactuca canadensis Wild Lettuce, Gall-of-the-Earth N Rare. Dry, sunny areas.
L. floridans Blue Lettuce N Rare. Thickets.
L. scariola Prickly Lettuce A Rare. Open sun.
Prenanthes alba White Rattlesnakeroot N Rare. Thicket.
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan A Rare. Open sun.
R. laciniata Cut-leaf Coneflower, Wild Goldenglow N Rare. Moist bottomland.
Sericocarpus asteroides Toothed, White-topped Aster N Occasional. Along paths.
Senecio aureus Golden Ragwort, Golden Groundsel N Rare. Low, moist woods.
S. pauperculus Balsalm Ragwort N Rare. Field edge.
Silphium trifoliatum Whorled Rosinweed N Rare. Open woods.
Solidago bicolor Silver-road, Creamy Goldenrod N Rare. Dry, open woods.
S. caesia Wreath or Blue-stem Goldenrod N Occasional. Open woods.
S. canadensis Canada Goldenrod N Occasional. Roadsides.
S. erecta Slender Goldenrod N Occasional . Roadsides.
S. graminifolia Grass-leaved Goldenrod N Rare. Open fields.
S. juncea Early or Plume Goldenrod N Frequent. Fields and roadsides.
S. nemoralis Gray Goldenrod N Frequent. Roadsides.
S. ulmifolia Elm-leaved Goldenrod N Occasional. Dry woods.
Taxacum officinale Common Dandelion A Frequent. Open, grassy spots.
Vernonia noveboracensis New York Ironweed N Rare. Near creek.
Xanthium chinese Clotbur, Cocklebur N Occasional. Sandy shore.

TREES and SHRUBS For convenience, the shrubs are marked with an asterisk.

Group Plant Family * Scientific Name Common Name Notes Key to Codes
Lily Liliaceae Similax bona-nox Bullbrier [should have been with vines] NU Rare. Moist shade.
Mis-id; Strongly resembles Glaucous Greenbrier. Native to MD Eastern shore.
Cone-Bearers Coniferae Juniperus virginiana Red Cedar N Occasional. Open areas.
Piceae abies Norway Spruce A Planted along parkway.
Pinus strobus White Pine MD Planted along parkway by Park.
Properly noted as “”planted”” in Salisbury List.
P. sylvestris Scotch Pine A Planted along parkway by Park.
P. taeda Loblolly Pine NC Rare. Mixed woods.
P. virginiana Scrub Pine N Common. Often in pockets.
Taxodium distichum Bald Cypress MD Rare. Perhaps planted.
Definitely planted in Park. Native to S.E. MD coastal plain.
* Taxus canadensis American Yew NU Planted near creek.
Mis-id; Confused w/ T. cuspidata, Japanese Yew.
Thuja occidentalis Arborvitae, White Cedar MD Rare.
Perhaps planted. Rarely naturalizes. Native to MD mountains.
Tsuga canadensis Hemlock N Rare. Near creek.
Willows and Aspens Salicaceae Populus deltoides Cottonwood N Rare.
P. grandidentata Large-toothed Aspen N Rare. Wood’s edge.
Salix babylonica Weeping Willow A Rare. Along creek.
S. fragilis Crack Willow A Rare.
S. nigra Black Willow N Frequent. Near creek,
Walnuts Juglandaceae Carya cordiformis Bitternut Hickory N Fairly common. Mixed woods
Juglands nigra Black Walnut N Rare,
* Alnus rugosa Speckled Alder NU Frequent. Along creek.
Mis-id; Looks similar to Alnus serrulata; Native to MD mountains.
* A. serrulata Smooth Alder N Infrequent. Along creek
Betula lutea Yellow Birch NU Occasional. Bottomland.
Mis-id; Confused with young River Birch (similar bark & leaves).
B. nigra River Birch N Frequent. Near creek.
Carpinus caroliniana Ironwood, Blue Beech N Common. Bottomland and along creek.
Beech & Oaks Fagaceae Fagus grandifolia Americn Beech N Frequent. Especially in pockets in mature woods.
Quercus alba White Oak N Frequent. Mature woods.
Q. coccinea Scarlet Oak N Planted along parkway.
Q. imbriearia Shingle Oak N Rare. In open.
Q. marilandica Blackjack Oak N Rare.
O. palustris Pin Oak N Frequent. Mature woods.
Q. phellos Willow Oak N Occasional.
Q. prinus Chestnut Oak N Rare. Mature woods.
O. rubra (borealis) Red Oak N Frequent. Mature woods.
Q. velutina Black Oak N Infrequent. Dry woods.
Elm Ulmaceae Ulmus americana American Elm N Rare. Open areas.
U. thomasi Rock Elm A Rare. Creek bank.
Mulberry Moraceae Morus alba White Mulberry A Frequent. Along creek.
M. rubra Red Mulberry N Infrequent.
Barberry Berberidaceae * Berberis thunbergii Japanese Barberry A Occasional. Open woods.
Magnolia Magnoliaceae Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip-tree N Common. Mature woods.
Magnolia soulangeana Saucer Magnolia A Rare.
Laurel Lauraceae * Lindera benzoin Spicebush N Frequent. Low, moist woods.
Sassafras albidum Sassafras N Infrequent. Dry woods.
Planetree Platanaceae Platanus occidentalis Sycamore, American Planetree N Frequent. Mature woods.
Witch Hazel Hamamelidaceae * Hamamelis virginiana Witch Hazel N Infrequent. Woods near creek.
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum NC Infrequent. Woods near creek.
Saxifrage Saxifragaceae * Deutzia scabra Fuzzy Deutzia A Rare. Probably an escape.
* Hydrangea arborescens Smooth Hydrangea N Rare.
* H. paniculata Panicle Hydrangea A Escape.
* Philadelphus inodorus Scentless Mock-orange A Rare.
Rose Rosaceae Amelanchier arborea Shadbush, Serviceberry N Rare. Wood’s edge near creek.
* A. stolonifera Running Juneberry NU Rare. Near creek.
Mis-id. Probably Amelanchier arborearoot sprouts.
Prunus coronaria American Crabapple N Rare.
P. hortulana Goose Plum A Rare.
P. malus Domestic Apple A Rare. Escape. Roads and streams
P. serotina Black Cherry N Rare.
* P. virginiana Chokecherry NU Infrequent.
Mis-id; Similar to young Prunus serotina. Native to MD mountains.
* Pyrocantha coccinia Leland Pyrocantha or Firethorn A Rare. Escape. Roads and streams
* Rhodotypos scandens Black Jetbead A Rare. Planted.
* Rosa carolina Pasture or Carolina Rose N Rare. Dry, sunny areas.
* R. Dorthia Perkins Pink Columbine Rose A Rare. Escape. Roads and streams.
* R. multiflora Multiflora Rose A Frequent. Sunny areas.
* R. occidentalis Black Raspberry N Rare. Open sun.
* R. pensylvanica Blackberry N Occasional. Open thickets.
* R. phoenicolasius Wine Raspberry A Occasional. Open sun.
* Spiraea prunifolia Double Bridalwreath A Rare. Escape.
Bean or Pea, Legume Leguminosa Cercis canadensis Redbud or Judas Tree MN Occasional understory.
Albizzia julibrissin Mimosa, Silktree A Occasional. Open woods.
Robinia pseudoacacia Black Locust N Fairly common. Dry woods.
Cashew Anacardiaceae Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac N Rare. Wood edges.
R. typhina Staghorn Sumac N Rare. Wood edges.
Buckthorn Rhamnaceae Ceanothus americanus Jersey Tea N Rare. Dry woods.
Holly Aquifoliaceae Ilex opaca American Holly N Occasional. Understory tree.
Soapberry Sapindaciceae Koelreuteria paniculata Panicled Goldenrain Tree A Rare. Planted
Staff-Tree Celastraceae * Euonymus fortunei Glossy Wintercreeper A Rare. Groundcover in shade.
* E. verrucosus Warty Euonymus A Planted.
Maple Aceraceae Acer negundo Ash-leaved Maple, Box-elder N Occasional.
A. platanoides Norway Maple A Rare. Escape.
A. rubrum Red or Swamp Maple N Common. Moist woods.
A. saccharum Sugar Maple MN Rare. In upland woods.
Naturalized from yard and park plantings. Native to MD mountains.
A. saccharinum Silver Maple N Rare. Open woods.
Mallow Malvaceae * Hibiscus syriacus Rose of Sharon, Shrubalthea A Escape or planted.
Dogwood Cornaceae Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood N Frequent. Understory.
* C. stolonifera Red-osier, Dogwood NU Rare.
Mis-id; Easily confused with Cornus amomum.
Nyssa sylvatica Sour Gum or Black Tupelo N Occasional. Woods.
Heath Ericaceae * Azalea nudiflora Pink Azalea, Pinxterbloom N Occasional. Woods. Nearly eradicated by vandals, is returning.
* Kalmia latifolia Mountain Laurel N Infrequent. Understory.
Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood NU Rare. Open or wood edge.
Mis-id; Likely confused w/ Persimmon (similar bark, leaves and habit).
* Rhododendrom maximum Pink Rhododendron MD Infrequent. Understory.
Naturalized from yard and park plantings.
* Vaccinium vacillana Low-bush Blueberry N Infrequent. Open woods and along paths.
Ebony Ebenaceae Diospyros virginiana Persimmon N Rare. In open woods.
Olive Oleaceae Fraxinus americana White Ash N Occasional. Along creek.
* Jasminum nudiflorum Winter Jasmine A Planted by Park Commission.
* Ligustrum vulgare Common or European Privet A Rare. Escape.
Figwort, Snapdragon Scrophulariaceae Paulownia tomentosa Princess Tree, Royal Paulownia A Rare.
Bignoniaceae Catalpa bignonioides Common Catalpa A Infrequent.
Simarubaceae Ailanthus altissima Tree of Heaven A A weed tree.
Madder, Bedstraw Rubiaceae * Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush N Rare. Wet bottomland.
Honeysuckle Caprifoliaceae * Abelia grandiflora Glossy Abelia A Planted by Park.
* Lonicera xylosteum European Fly Honeysuckle A Frequent. Along creek.
* Sambucus canadensis Elderberry N Occasional . Along creek.
* Viburnum acerfolium Mapleleaf Viburnum N Frequent. Woods and along stream.
* V. dentatum Arrowwood N Frequent. Shaded bottomland.
* V. prunifolia Blackhaw N Occasional. Understory in bottomland.
* V. rytidophyllum Leather-leaf Viburnum A Planted by Park
* V. sitiges Red-berried Viburnum A Rare. Escape.
* V. tomentosum Doublefile Viburnum A Planted by Park, or escape.
* Weigelia floribunda Crimson Weigelia A Planted by Park Commission.
* W. florida Old-fashioned Weigelia A Planted by Park.


Group Plant Family Scientific Name Common Name Notes Key to Codes
Lily Liliaceae Dioscorea quaternata Wild Yam N Occasional. Moist woods.
D. villosa Wild Yam N Rare. Moist woods.
Smilax glauca Catbrier or Horsebrier N Occasional. Moist woods.
S. rotundifolia Sawbrier or Greenbrier N Occasional. Moist woods.
Birthwort Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia durior Dutchman’s Pipe, Pipevine MN Rare. Near stream bank.
Naturalized from yard planting. Native to MD mountains.
Smartweed, Buckwheat Polyganaceae Polygonum scandens Climbing False Buckwheat N Rare. Open on creek bank.
P. suberti Silvervine Fleeceflower A Rare. Open areas.
Buttercup, Crowfoot Ranunculaceae Clematis paniculata Sweetautumn Clematis A Rare. Wood openings.
Bean, Pea Leguminosae Amphicarpa bracteata Hog-peanut N Frequent. Oepn woods.
Apios americana Ground-nut, Wild Bean N Moist thickets.
Lathyrus latifolius Perennial or Everlasting Pea A Rare. Open sun.
Pueraria thunbergiana Kudzu Vine A Rare. Exposed banks.
Vicia sativa Spring Vetch A Rare. Open sun.
Cashew Anacardiaceae Rhus radicans Poison Ivy N Common. Open and in second growth woods.
Vines Vitaceae Parthenocissus quinquefolia Woodbine, Virginia Creeper N Frequent. Wood openings and along parkway.
Vitis aestevalis Summer Grape N Occasional. Thickets.
V. labrucea Fox Grape N Frequent. Thickets.
V. palmata Cat Grape AU Rare. Thickets.
Mis-id; similar to V. vulpina; Cat Grape not native to Maryland.
V. riparia Riverbank Grape NU Rare. Along creek.
Perhaps confused with the similar V. vulpina; native along Potomac.
Ginsing, Ivy Araliaceae Hedera helix English Ivy A Infrequent. Escape, found near houses.
Dogbane Apocynaceae Vinca minor Periwinkle, Myrtle A Occasional. Groundcover in woods.
Morning-Glory Convolvulaceae Convolvulus arvensis Field Bindweed A Rare. Along stream.
C. sepium Hedge Bindweed N Infrequent. Open areas.
Cuscuta gronovii Dodder N Rare. In low ground, thickets.
Ipomoea hederacea Ivy-leaved Morning-Glory N Rare. Open, moist places.
I. pandurata Big-root Morning-Glory N Infrequent. Stream banks.
Honeysuckle Caprifoliaceae Lonicera japonica Japanese Honeysuckle A Ubiquitous.
Box Buxaceae Pachysandra terminalis Pachysandra, Japanese Spurge A Rare. Escape near houses.